El calendario masónico y el Arco Real

06 May 2016 by 190 comments News 1637 Views

De la misma manera que se elaboró un alfabeto criptográfico, históricamente en Masonería se utilizó un modo diferente de computar el tiempo. Su razón fue diferenciarla de la utilizada por los profanos por discreción o seguridad. Pero este tipo de calendario masónico, que fue promovido por los altos Grados de diversos Ritos, ha ido perdiendo su vigor y en la actualidad está generalmente en desuso, bien por pereza o bien por ignorancia, sobre todo esto último. 

A pesar de ello, se suelen incluir, después de la fecha, las siglas (e.·. v.·.) (era vulgar), lo que es poco coherente. El más usado en Masonería es la datación de las Logias Simbólicas o Azules, anteponiendo a la fecha el Oriente o Valle (que no es lo mismo). La era masónica se obtiene sumando 4000 al año en curso. Así, 2015 es igual a 6015, agregando las abreviaturas (A.·. L.·.) (Año de la Luz) o bien (V.·. L.·.) (Verdadera Luz) o (A.·. D.·. V.·. L.·.) (Año de la Verdadera Luz). El año masónico comienza el 1 de marzo (primer mes) y finaliza el 28 de febrero (ó 29 de ser bisiesto) del siguiente año. Febrero es, pues, el duodécimo mes. La  fecha masónica se obtiene según este ejemplo: 22 de diciembre de 2015 será 22 días del 10º mes de 6015. Pero esto nunca se cumple. En el Arco Real de Jerusalén se considera como año primero el de la reconstrucción del segundo Templo por Zorobabel en el año 530 a. C. Y es por ello por lo que se escribe la fecha sumando 530 a la era vulgar, utilizando la abreviatura A. I. (Año de la Invención). Por tanto, 2015 (e. v.) será 2545 (A. I.). Y con los meses del calendario judío o hebreo: 

  • Enero: Shevat
  • Febrero: Adar
  • Marzo: Nisán
  • Abril: Iyar
  • Mayo: Siván
  • Junio: Tamuz
  • Julio: Av
  • Agosto: Elul
  • Septiembre: Tishrei
  • Octubre: Jeshván
  • Noviembre: Kislev
  • Diciembre: Tevet 

Es decir: 20 de febrero de 2015 (e. v.) se escribirá en el Arco Real como vigésimo día de Adar de 2545 (A. I.)

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